International Conference on Protection of Rohingya Survivors and Accountability for Genocide

Date August 23-24, 2019 

Place Paulus Hall 101A, Sogang University, Seoul 

Co-hosted by EuroBurma Office, Human Rights Action CenterFree Rohingya Coalition, FORSEA, Korean Civil Society in Solidarity with the Rohingya


August 23 (Fri) 



09:00 ~09:30


09:30 ~ 09:55

Opening Remarks

Free Rohingya Coalition, Korean Civil Society in Solidarity with the Rohingya


Keynote Speech I

Yanghee LEE | UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Situation in Myanmar 


Session 1. Voices of Rohingya and Burmese Minority Women  

  • Yasmin Ullah | Director, Rohingya Human Rights Network

  • Hseng Noung | Shan Women Action Network

  • Naw May Oo | Adviser to the Karen National Union




Session 2. Tackling Sexual Violence in Myanmar and in the Region 

  • Razia Sultana | Chairperson, Rohingya Women Welfare Society  

  • Meehyang Yoon | Representative, The Korean Council for Justice & Remembrance for the Issues of Military SExual Slavery by Japan

  • Rahima Begum | Researcher, Activist & Co-founder, Restless Beings

15:00 ~ 15:50

Session 3. Asian Solidarity with the Rohingya Survivors

  • Khin Mai Aung | Writer & Civil Rights Lawyer

  • Bian D.Costa | Australian National University

  • Teressa Der-Lan Yeh | Chair, Taiwan Women’s Rescue Foundation 

  • Rev.Park Sanghun, S.J. | Director, Jesuit Research Center for Advocacy and Solidarity 

16:00  16:50

Session 4. Tackling Racism & Mobilized Hatred in Myanmar & Other Countries in the Region 

  • Thet Swe Win | Activist, Social Harmony Organization

  • James Gomez | Former Director, Amnesty International Southeast Asia 

  • Jiyoung SHIN | Assistant Professor, Yonsei University, Project <Refugee X Field> 

17:00 ~ 17:30

Keynote Speech II

  • Sara Hossain| US State Department's honoree, International Woman of Courage (2016);  Advisory Board member of the Open Society Foundations; Barrister at the Supreme Court of Bangladesh and honorary executive director of Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services Trust & the Defence Counsel for Nobel Laureate Dr. Mohammad Yunus.



August 24 (Sat)

09:00 ~ 09:30


09:30 ~ 10:20

Keynote Speech III. 

  • Marzuki Darusman | Chair, United Nations Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar (TBC)

10:30 ~ 11:20

Session 6. Boycott Myanmar I : Cultural and Governmental Relation 

  • Maung Zarni | Coordinator, Free Rohingya Coalition 

  • Tapan Bose | Secretary-General, South Asia Forum for Human Rights

  • Mabrur Ahmed | Co-founder & Director, Restless Being

11:30 ~ 12:20

Session 7. Boycott Myanmar II : Biz Investment & HR in Rakhine State

  • Nay San Lwin | Coordinator, Free Rohingya Coalition

  • Michimi Muranuchi | Professor of International Politics, Gakushuin University

  • Hyunpil Nah | Executive Director, Korean House for International Solidarity; KTNC Watch

12:30 ~ 13:20

Session 8. Accountability Measures 

  • Katherine Southwick | Former Clerk in the Office of the Prosecutor at ICTY

  • Doreen Chen | Coordinator for International Law, Free Rohingya Coalition

  • Djaouida Siaci | Rohingya Support Group-International Expert

13:20 ~ 13:30 



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ADI facilitated community music workshops in Hakim Para Camp in June, 2018. 

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Peace Library, Meiktila, Myanmar



In 2016, ADI organized a community project for victim-survivors of the massacre in Meiktila, Myanmar.  We worked in cooperation with regional theater organizations to hold performances for children and conducted arts therapy sessions with the children. The Peace Library Project - aimed at empowering children and adolescents as peacemakers to transform fear and tension into empathy and understanding - has been underway since 2017.  Upon completion of construction, we will introduce educational programs and projects for peacebuilding customized for the local context of Meiktila. The library will provide opportunities to augment children’s critical thinking skills and cultivate sensitivity for peace within the community. 




On March 20, 2013, violence occurred in Meiktila township of Mandalay Province in central Myanmar, triggered by a dispute between a Muslim jewelry shopkeeper and a Buddhist civilian.  The incident quickly snowballed into a massacre of the Muslim population by extremist Buddhist leaders and the military, leaving 43 dead, 86 injured, and 13,000 new refugees over three days.  Perpetuated by the anti-Muslim movement of the extreme right and by the government of Myanmar, the aftermath of the massacre led to increased tensions and conflict between Buddhist and Muslim communities in Meiktila.


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Palestine, Solidarity for Peace



Various claims by different stakeholders surrounding Palestine often obscure an objective evaluation of the conflict.  We propose field-based documentation to investigate the current state of human rights abuses, thereby promoting a more humane perspective to the conflict. 

  • Research Team for Palestinian Peace: The team studies the history, society, and culture of Israel and Palestine within the context of the conflict around resettlement areas.

  • Human Rights Report Team: The team listens to and records the voices of the most alienated victims of the dispute between the two sides.  In 2018, Status of Israeli Settlement According to International Law and Report on the Damage was published.

  • Peace Trip: Anybody who is interested in Palestine can join.  Rather than a pilgrimage, the trip offers participants experience of the present situation from the perspective of civil society. The first Palestine Peace Trip will be held in September 2018.




The conflict between Israel and Palestine, which began with the foundation of Israel in 1948, is one of the oldest disputes in existence. The vicious cycle of violence in Palestine has continued for decades despite efforts by the international community. ADI is a leading civil organization in Korea to address the history and content of the strife, shedding light on the connections among the conflicts.

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Psychosocial Support for the Rohingya



Beginning February 2017, ADI regularly visited the Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh, to interview victim-survivors and collect testimony for human rights documentation.  In the process of conducting the interviews, it became obvious that the Rohingya refugees were living in terror of forced repatriation and that their settlement in Bangladesh was greatly affected by their experience of crossing the border from Myanmar.  To respond to their needs and support them, we designed psychosocial support projects for women and children in Hakim Para Camp, a camp that spontaneously developed in August 2017. 





From May through August 2018, thirteen Rohingya refugee female householders participated in the Women's Peer Support Project.  They were trained as peer supporters to provide psychosocial support to other women in the camp and to create a supportive network amongst them.  The project was developed by Jungshik Shin, a psychiatrist, who used a picture-based storybook as a medium of narrative practice. Thirteen women were grouped into six teams, each providing psychosocial support by visiting women door-to-door daily for 14 weeks.  In addition to counseling, peer supporters provided the participants with three kinds of vegetable seeds and bamboo to make fences.


In June 2018, the organization conducted the “Music Meets Mind” project in the Rohingya refugee camp. “Music Meets Mind” supports the refugee community by creating an environment of safety, empathy, and creativity through music.  For three weeks, Jungin Hwang, a community music facilitator, conducted music workshops on a daily basis in Hakim Para Camp, for children between five and ten years old.

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Human Rights Documentation for the Rohingya

Human Rights Documentation Project


ADI's human rights documentation project aims to deliver to the world the stories of victim-survivors from an objective point of view.  The project initially began as an attempt to investigate and document the massacre of the Muslim population in 2016 by extremist Buddhist leaders and the military in Meiktila, Myanmar.  After publishing a human rights report documenting the three-day massacre, we launched another project to survey the citizenship status of ethnic minorities in Myanmar. As part of this project, ADI conducted a workshop on human rights documentation with Odhikar, a Bangladeshi civil organization, and other citizens' groups including Banan.  In the same year, we submitted our survey report to the UN.  


Currently, human rights documentation is funded by several organizations, including Gwangju Human Rights Peace Foundation.  The project regularly provides Rohingya partners with training on human rights documentation. We aim to empower and support the Rohingya people to participate in the process of human rights documentation, so that they can be the representative of their own stories. 


In Korea, ADI strives to raise awareness of the Rohingya crisis in civil society.  ADI has published through various media channels, including Hankyoreh newspaper, and regularly organizes lectures by people with diverse backgrounds, including activists, the Rohingya, scholars, and UN Special Rapporteur, Yanghee Lee.




In October 2016, the Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic minority in Rakhine state (also called Arakan), in northwestern Myanmar, were persecuted by the Myanmar government and military.  The violence included indiscriminate shooting, extrajudicial killing, mass rape, child murder, and arson. The Myanmar government sought to retaliate for the deaths of nine people at a security post following an attack by Rohingya rebel group ARSA (Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army).  The following year, on August 25, 2017, when ARSA attacked other police posts, the Myanmar government announced a massive crackdown on "terrorists." The same persecution from the previous year, targeted at Rohingya civilians, repeated, but this time on a much bigger scale. Since August 2017, the number of Rohingya to cross the border to Bangladesh has reached nearly 700,000, resulting in the world's most rapidly expanded refugee camp.  The UN described the Rohingya as the "most persecuted people in the world."

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Other Reports

Advocacy 2018. 7. 3. 11:33

Other Reports

  1. Human Rights Status Report on Illegal Israeli Settlements in Palestine, Focused on Changes Under the Trump Administration (in Korean)

Following Trump’s election as President of the United States, illegal Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem and the West Bank increased 400% in construction compared to the previous year.

Through them, Palestinians suffered the human rights violations of demolition of their houses, forced eviction, confiscation of property, physical violence, threats to livelihood, and road blockades and other movement restrictions.  The illegal settlements are expected to increase in the future.

Human Rights Status Report on Illegal Israeli Settlements in Palestine_Korean.pdf

  1. “Massacre in Meikthilar and Justice Unaddressed” (in English)


Anti-Muslim rioting by a Buddhist nationalist mob resulted in a massacre of Muslims on March 20, 2013, in Meikthilar, Myanmar, and continued for three days, killing 43 people, injuring 86 others, and displacing a total 13,000 people. This report is a result of a mutual project from The Seagull and Asian Dignity Initiative. 

&ldquo;Massacre in Meikthilar and Justice Unaddressed&rdquo;_English.pdf

  1. Human Rights Report on the Rohingya, April 2017: “Leave.  This is not your country” (in Korean)

Human Rights Report on the Rohingya, April 2017 &ldquo;Leave. This is not your country&rdquo;_Korean.pdf

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Genocide Reports

Advocacy 2018. 7. 3. 11:27

Genocide  Reports

These reports document the August 2017 acts of genocide against the Rohingya minority in Myanmar.  As a result, 900,000 people escaped and now live in refugee camps in Bangladesh.

  1. Tula Toli: “We want justice”

  2. Done Paik: “We had nowhere to hide from the military”

  3. Koe Tan Kauk: “Father, what can we do?”

  4. Inn Din: “We begged them not to arrest our husbands”

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Annual Report 2017.compressed.pdf

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United Nations Human Rights Council

o Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar

o Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances

o Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions

o Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples

o Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons

o Special Rapporteur on minority issues

o Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief

o Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

o Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences

Re: Human Rights Violations against Rohingya people that have taken place since October 2016 by the Government of Myanmar including its Military and law enforcement.

On behalf of 48 victim survivors of the human rights violations allegedly by the Government of Myanmar including its own military and law enforcement, Asian Dignity Initiative is hereby submitting communication to the numerous mandate holders of the United Nations Special Procedures as listed above for the constructive dialogue with the Government of Myanmar. It is noted that the names listed in this report are real ones and the victim survivors wish to remain anonymous when you communicate with the Government of Myanmar for their safety concern. Please do not hesitate to contact if you have any inquiry with respect to submission of this communication. We thank you.

Sincerely yours,

Asian Dignity Initiative


On October 9, 2016, Harakah al-Yaqin, an armed group that pursues the terminatin of Rohingya persecution, attacked three places including a police station and guard posts in Maungdaw township located in the northern part of Rhakine State. In this attack, nine police officers died and guns and bullets fell into the hands of Harakah al-Yaqin. In order to subjugate Harakah al-Yaqin, the Myanmar Army and the Border Guard Police blocked every access to the related areas. The government expanded curfew, shot down schools, and prohibited gatherings of more than five people. The media’s approach was also controlled and humanitarian aid was blocked.

Under the government’s massive counter-insurgency operation, 300-2,000 troops worked in small unit to search the whole villages. The search was conducted unawares once every two or three days or sometimes four times a day. The village’s residents survived by taking refuge in the mountain when soldiers raided the village and coming back after they left. Some escaped to another village, but there was no such thing as a safe place.

According to the Myanmar Government, the operation lasted for four months until the third week of February in 2017. However, it is still early to confirm this as a fact with the recent series of reports that contradict the government’s statement. The Myanmar Government is detaining about five hundred suspects under arrest some of whom have been sentenced or still on trial. The detained people’s rights to legal aid and have visitors are limited. The UN has estimated that more than a thousand people died with the government’s counter-insurgency operation. About fifteen hundred buildings and houses were destroyed by arson and seventy-five thousand people became refugees. A lot of refugees are staying at the temporary refugee camp in Bangladesh, but there are also a lot of internally displaced people in Myanmar.

To summarize the interviews of the surviving victims conducted by ADI: First, the Myanmar Army and the Border Guard Police murdered Rohingya civilians in Maungdaw township, located in northern Rakhine State, with indiscriminate firing, firing at close range, battery, arson, deadly weapons (sword), rape, etc. Children could not avoid the brutal murder, either; Second, majority of the Rohingya men was arbitrarily arrested and then went missing afterward; Third, the Army and the Border Guard Police battered Rohingya civilians with rifle’s gunstock, club, and military boots while women fell victim to rape, gang rape, and sexual violence; Four, houses and buildings were set on fire or destroyed and the villagers were looted of their property including money, gold accessories, food, livestock, and so on.

The Myanmar Government completely denies the suspicion of human rights violation raised by the UN, international human rights groups, and media. The Government argues that the armed forces set fire with an intention to shift the blame to the Army and induce international support. In addition, the Government denied the suspicion of rape by defining it ‘false information’. After last October, the Myanmar Government has established four investigation committees and conducted investigation activities. Nevertheless, the credibility and effectiveness of the investigation are doubted, as the construction and activities of the committees are neither independent nor impartial and lack expertise in human rights. Moreover, no person has been investigated, put on trial, or sentenced so far regarding serious human rights violation cases.

The Myanmar Government should conduct prompt, independent, and impartial investigation, punish the people responsible for serious human rights infringement, and take appropriate measures to compensate the surviving victims. The Myanmar Government should provide humanitarian aid to the people internally displaced after the counter-insurgency operation.

If the Myanmar Government has no will or lacks ability to take such measures, the international community should promptly intervene and take it to the International Criminal Court to see if this case fits as genocide or a crime against humanity and punish the people responsible and provide support to the surviving victims so that their rights are restored.

* To download the full version, click the following: 

UN Communication letter and Report on Rohingya minority.pdf

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